You know when it’s hot, cold, humid or dry outside, but you may not know that these climate groups have subcategories. In Hawaii, the climate in and around the islands varies, meaning the area is split into microclimates.
A microclimate is a distinctive climate of a small-scale area, and this climate will likely differ from the other areas surrounding it. Taken into consideration are soil, vegetation, nearby water and other elements and manmade conditions like asphalt, concrete and brick. Examples of microclimates can include valleys, parks, gardens, islands and parts of cities.
If your Hawaii trip plans involve boat tours or guided fishing excursions, then it’s good to be aware of the different microclimates you might encounter—especially if you are not familiar with Hawaii. So, let’s ask a Hawaii fishing charter service about the types of microclimates that are located throughout Hawaii.
According to the Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification System, the Hawaiian Islands experience 10 of the world’s 14 climate zones:
- Tropical, continuously wet: A humid tropical climate with monthly temperatures of about 64.4 degrees and a high annual rainfall, and that does not have a distinct dry season.
- Tropical summer, dry: Hawaii has dry summers because, although it’s in a tropical climate, peak rainfall is in the winter.
- Tropical winter, dry: The trade winds that cool the islands are stopped by tall peaks—Hualalai volcano is 8,271 feet and Mauna Loa 13,678 feet tall. They have dry winters, yet heavy rainfall in summer.
- Temperate, continuously wet and warm: This climate offers plenty of year-round rainfall and four months of daily temperatures between 50 degrees and 71.6 degrees.
- Dry and warm temperate, summer: Offers less rainfall than a continuously wet warm temperature zone, with temperatures about the same. Overall, the summer months are dry.
- Dry and cool temperate, summer: Grab a jacket! Temperatures are below 50 degrees four months out of the year. There’s not much vegetation growth, and it even snows occasionally.
- Hot desert: The driest areas in the Hawaiian Islands get little annual rain and have hot days, but are easily tolerated thanks to cool ocean breezes.
- Semi-hot desert: With low rainfall and average temperatures, arid climates are where you’ll find some of Hawaii’s best beaches near the Islands’ most popular coastal towns and resorts.
- Tropical monsoon: In Hawaii, this type of microclimate is only found in a 10-mile portion of raised coastal acreage in the Hamakua Coast town of Paauilo. It has a high annual rainfall during the warmest months, with sudden intense showers on summer afternoons, and a short dry season.
- Periglacial: The only place to find this ice climate is 13,796 feet up in the area of Hawaii Island’s Mauna Kea volcano. Evening temperatures are below freezing, there’s winter snow and the warmest temperatures are between 32 degrees and 50 degrees.
When you make reservations with Sea Wife Charters, rest assured we are familiar with and know how to identify the microclimates in the area. We are the best Hawaii fishing charter service for anyone wanting a great fishing experience and to take home good memories. Book your charter now!